Despite a certain trade liberalisation over the last few years, especially in terms of customs duties, it is extremely difficult to export towards the Brazilian market. Import licensing rules are very tough. The import of most of the products implies issuing a preliminary a licence at the SECEX (Secretariat of Foreign trade), which is the only organisation authorised to issue this licence. However the list of the products subject to this preliminary licence is not publicise. It is available only with registered and authorised users.
There is a minimal price procedure raising a problem when issuing these licences. When a licence is applied for, a proforma invoice has to be supplied. If the declared prices are lower than the minimum price used for calculation of the customs duties, the licence is not issued by the authorities, and no formal information is given to the applicant. The importer is then generally informed unofficially about the existence of this minimum price.
These licenses are valid for 60 days starting from the date of dispatch of the goods (sometimes, it starts from the date of applying for the license). This period is often insufficient. It is then necessary to apply for a new licence. For textiles, rules are even more strict. The license is granted only if the payment is effective within 30 days from the date of B/L. Importers compulsorily have to prove that they effectively made the payment within 30 days.
The imported goods are often blocked in customs because of documentary problems. All the imports should be accompanied at least with 2 copies of the commercial invoice and the B/L. If they do not match the legal requirements of the country, Customs are entitled to levy heavy fines, which may go even up to 100% of the usual customs duties. It is therefore advisable to work through a very good broker in Brazilian customs, who is able to get the information on time about the appropriate customs rules.
The import of second-hand industrial material is authorised under restricted conditions, as long as these goods are not produced locally and can not be replaced by some local material. The age of the material should be lower than the life expectancy estimated for the product in Brazil.
|Second hand vehicles
|second hand consumer goods
|Second hand equipment
Conselho de Metrologia, Normalizaçao e Qualidade Industrial (CONMETRO), is is part of the Department of Trade and Industry and is responsible for the implementation of Brazilian standards and certificates.
The National institute of Metrology ( INMETRO) is in charge of the implementation of the CONMETRO directives. Though the standards are generally formulated by the Associaçao Brasileira of the Technical Standards (ABTN), some of them are formulated by the concerned ministries.